• Brearley
Lower School

Curriculum

List of 5 items.

  • Kindergarten

    LANGUAGE ARTS: phonemic awareness, phonics and sight word reading; word families; reading aloud from several genres; listening and reading comprehension through discussion; D’Nealian handwriting; self-expression through creative writing.

    MATHEMATICS: number relationships; number combinations to ten; sorting and classification of objects; measurement of length, weight and time; attributes of shapes; data collection and recording; identification, description and extension of patterns.

    SOCIAL STUDIES: an exploration of how basic needs are met, families are constituted and holidays are observed in similar and different ways throughout the world.

    SCIENCE: study of motion and forces, using marbles; behavior, anatomical structure and ecology of gerbils and earthworms and their relationships to the rest of the animal kingdom; characteristics of leaves; water on Earth; sinking and floating; dissolving and evaporating; day and night.

    WORK AND PLAY: time to play, learn, explore and experience through role playing and problem solving; block building, board games, puzzles and self-initiated art projects.

    RESPECT AND RESPONSIBILITY: focus on character, friendship and resolving conflicts through book discussions, art projects, dramatic role playing, movement and theater games.

    LIBRARY: weekly period for listening to stories, working on story-related projects and checking out books.

    ART: exploration of many media through work in two and three dimensions; development of strong fine-motor skills.

    CRAFTS: three-dimensional art projects; lifelong skills such as sewing.

    MUSIC: exploration of high and low, loud and soft, slow and fast, up and down,
    and beat and rhythm through singing and percussion instruments.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION: one gymnastics, one dance and three physical education classes a week focus on independent skills and creative movement, as well as spatial awareness, body control and basic locomotor skills development through exploration and guided discovery; gymnastics: preparatory movements and basic body positions on the apparatus; dance: utilizing resources including musical instruments and story books to enhance learning of movement vocabulary.

    SERVICE LEARNING: various activities and projects to benefit All Souls Soup Kitchen.
  • Class I

    LANGUAGE ARTS: small group classes focusing on phonemic awareness, phonics and sight word reading; non-fiction and fiction, plays, and poetry for guided reading; listening and reading comprehension; spelling regular and irregular words; D’Nealian handwriting; analytical and creative writing.

    CREATIVE WRITING: emphasis on writing freely from the imagination and from the inspiration of literature; story structure, sequencing of events and character development; elementary editing of grammar and punctuation.

    MATHEMATICS: place value; number relationships and properties; number combinations to 20; creation and solution of story problems; measurement of length, weight and time; identification and classification of 2-D and 3-D shapes; organization, representation and comparison of data; creation, description and extension of patterns.

    SOCIAL STUDIES: a yearlong study of New York City, beginning with community and neighborhood and expanding to the five boroughs with attention to geography, history, landmarks and transportation, and to individual differences and similarities within the classroom community.

    SCIENCE: properties of air and aerodynamics; comparative study of human and animal teeth; behavior, anatomical structure and ecology of mollusks using land snails and their relationship to the rest of the animal kingdom; seed germination; bird anatomy and identification; states of matter exploring change of state, the water cycle, and weather; the solar system.

    MANDARIN: movement, games, children’s poems and songs, and elementary vocabulary designed for a playful introduction to oral communication in a second language.

    RESPECT AND RESPONSIBILITY: continuation of the program begun in Kindergarten.

    LIBRARY: weekly period for listening to stories, learning the location of fiction and non-fiction, checking out books; a unit on stories from around the world in the second semester.

    ART: introduction to the tools, techniques, materials and practices of the art studio Students learn the basic concepts associated with art-making through a variety of imagination-based projects, including a sequential journey of a dot as it becomes a line, and travels through space.

    CRAFTS: continuation of the program begun in Kindergarten.

    MUSIC: introduction to rhythmic and five-line staff notation; songs sung during the
    year are collected in a music book that grows through the Lower School years.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION: one gymnastics, one dance and three physical education classes each week, including one double period, focus on locomotor and basic sports skills such as throwing, catching and dribbling, and jumping and landing; swimming for one trimester; dance: study of Isadora Duncan and, in conjunction with science program, developing and performing dances about nature.
     
    SERVICE LEARNING: various activities and projects to benefit All Souls Soup Kitchen.
  • Class II

    LANGUAGE ARTS: small group classes focusing on phonics, fluency and reading multisyllabic words; story structure and non-fiction reading strategies; listening and reading comprehension including inferential and analytical skills; writing sentences and simple paragraphs; spelling patterns in longer words; handwriting.

    CREATIVE WRITING: emphasis on the stages of the writing process; introduction to free-form poetry.

    MATHEMATICS: place value; estimation; addition and subtraction; introductory multiplication and division; introduction to fractions and decimals; money; properties of numbers; units of measurement; identification and classification of 2-D and 3-D shapes; data analysis; number patterns.

    SOCIAL STUDIES: recent topics have included exploration of students’ family histories; indigenous culture of Eastern Woodland Native Americans with emphasis on the Lenape; life in New Amsterdam; leaders in the civil rights movement and the infl
    uence of jazz, art and poetry as unifying forces in American society.

    SCIENCE: study of rocks and minerals; geological change; behavior, anatomical structure and ecology of snakes; measurement of length, volume and mass; structure and growth requirements of green plants; sound, light and heat energy; structure and function of the eye and ear; stars

    MANDARIN: in addition to the activities of Class I, first explorations of simple character writing, including pinyin, and basic sentence building; continued exploration of Chinese culture

    RESPECT AND RESPONSIBILITY: continuation of the program begun in Kindergarten

    LIBRARY: further building of skills and exploration of reading for pleasure; a study of narrative biographies using print books and the database PebbleGo

    TECHNOLOGY: introduction to computer graphics, including copying and pasting objects; short writing projects; introduction to the file server, network login, saving and retrieving files; learning how to explore new programs

    ART: an exploration of visual density through the creation of overlapping shapes. Subject matter varies but emphasizes imagination and learning about the world of art.

    MUSIC: expansion of rhythmic and intervallic vocabulary through songs with richer texts and more complicated melodic structure; continued work with the full five-line staff and pentatonic melodies. Each girl who studies an instrument privately has the opportunity to perform in school-sponsored recitals.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION: one gymnastics, one dance and three physical education classes each week continue to develop sports skills in static and dynamic situations; dance: jazz and ballet, and modern dance through the work of Merce Cunningham; gymnastics: beginning to perform basic routines while continuing to refine movements, improving conditioning and increasing exibility.

    SERVICE LEARNING: see Kindergarten.
     
  • Class III

    LANGUAGE ARTS: small group classes focusing on advanced phonics concepts, multisyllablic words and fluency; story structure and non-fiction reading strategies; listening and reading comprehension including inferential and analytical skills; writing simple and expanded paragraphs; advanced letter patterns; grammar and punctuation.

    COMPOSITION: guided writing of a variety of assignments, non-fiction and creative, in connection with the social studies curriculum.

    MATHEMATICS: place value; whole number operations; relationships between whole numbers, fractions and decimals; patterns and functions; comparison of 2-D and 3-D shapes; simplification of and solutions for simple number relationships; probability and data analysis.

    SOCIAL STUDIES: a study of the Silk Road includes geography, culture, religious beliefs and traditions, and aesthetics. The curriculum is designed to shift between fieldwork in New York City, research and classroom projects that incorporate indigenous Asian art forms and cuisine.

    SCIENCE: design and construction of bridges using newspaper; chemical and physical properties of common household powders; behavior, anatomical structure and ecology of crayfish and their relationship to the rest of the animal kingdom; variables affecting pendulums; investigation of acids, bases and pH; seasons.

    MANDARIN: practice in character recognition and writing of simple characters; sentence composition; continued exploration of Chinese culture through the celebration of various holidays.

    RESPECT AND RESPONSIBILITY: continuation of the program begun in Kindergarten.

    LIBRARY: introduction to the library online catalog and Dewey Decimal System; reading aloud of stories or chapter books; pleasure reading; fractured fairy tales.

    TECHNOLOGY: introduction to touch-typing and computer programming; continued exploration of computer graphics and animation; reinforcement of the concepts of saving and retrieving files, copying and pasting objects and learning new applications.

    ART: multifaceted two- and three-dimensional projects inspired by different artistic traditions and involving preliminary planning and revision as well as spontaneous creative choices.

    CARPENTRY: development of spatial and mechanical skills through the use of basic tools and practices of a wood shop and building a small functional object.

    MUSIC: one period of vocal music; one period of ensemble study in either a stringed musical instrument or soprano recorder and Orff instruments.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION: instruction in basic rules, concepts and terminology of sports; building of strength, mobility and anaerobic capacity through daily workouts and cooperative games; basic concepts of dance choreography through the work of Anna Sokolow; gymnastics.

    SERVICE LEARNING: exploration of concepts of economy and charity through active learning and service opportunities.
  • Class IV

    ENGLISH: close reading in small groups and discussion of short stories, novels and essays; reading, writing, memorization of poetry and of selected portions from sacred texts studied in history; spelling, handwriting and grammar; public speaking and debate; skits and class plays.

    WRITING: small group classes focusing on writing and discussion; parts of speech; sentence structure, simple and expanded paragraph writing across several genres, expository and creative writing; mimetic stories; strategies for planning, writing and editing.

    MATHEMATICS: continued development of computational and problem-solving skills through work on real-world problems; geometry and spatial relationships; extensive investigation of whole numbers, fractions, decimals and percents to strengthen number sense and computational fluency.

    HISTORY: a study of immigration; close comparative study of basic tenets of the Abrahamic religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, using sacred texts; topics in the Middle Ages, including the structure of society, the heroic ideal and the role of religion; research reports with bibliography.

    SCIENCE: properties of magnets; simple machines including levers, gears and mechanical advantage; behavior, anatomical structure and ecology of selected insects and their relationship to the rest of the animal kingdom; structure, uses and prevention of mold and its ecological role as a decomposer; phases of the moon.

    MANDARIN: continued speaking, writing and listening, with a focus on consolidation of previously learned materials; an exploration of urban modernity and traditional rural life.

    LIBRARY: along with continuing activities, further study of the Dewey Decimal System and exploration of works of non-fiction.

    TECHNOLOGY: continued development of touch-typing skills and computer programming; creation of slideshow presentations; introduction to desktop publishing; digital citizenship.

    ART: rotating twelve-week courses in ceramics, carpentry and photography.

    CERAMICS: basic skills associated with working in clay to make a functional ceramic object, including wedging, hand building, throwing and glazing.

    CARPENTRY: design, planning and construction of a finished wooden object.

    PHOTOGRAPHY: an introduction to the art and practice of photography through age-appropriate projects.

    MUSIC: continued vocal and instrumental study of strings or the alto recorder; English handbells for performance at the Winter and Last Day Assemblies.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION: positioning and movement strategy and their application in cooperative games; focus on strength, exibility and overall tness; running club; class dance; gymnastics routines.

    SERVICE LEARNING: See Class III.
The Brearley School
|
610 East 83rd Street
|
New York, NY 10028
|
(212) 744-8582
|
Contact Us