: small group classes focusing on reading comprehension, vocabulary development, analytical and creative writing, and spelling; guided reading strategies such as character mapping, self-questioning, note-taking, use of textual evidence to draw conclusions, and summarizing; reading of novels and poetry, including those that connect to History. WRITING
: small group classes focusing on expository writing, grammar, parts of speech, sentence structure, expanded paragraphs; strategies for planning, writing and editing. MATHEMATICS
: whole number operations; geometry and spatial relationships; area and perimeter; fractions and decimals. HISTORY
: a yearlong study of immigration and migration in the USA; comparison of the major waves of immigration beginning with Native Americans and European colonists; topics include forced migration of Africans and the Underground Railroad; Chinese, Irish and German immigration in the 1800s; Angel and Ellis Islands; The Great Black Migration. Students consider the pushes and pulls of migration, the enrichment of culture through the contributions of migrant communities, and issues of social justice. SCIENCE
: structure, uses and prevention of mold and its ecological role as a decomposer; properties of magnets; behavior, anatomical structure and ecology of selected insects; phases of the moon; simple machines including levers, gears and mechanical advantage. MANDARIN
: continued speaking, writing and listening, with a focus on consolidation of previously learned materials; students perform a short play in Mandarin. LIBRARY
: further study of the Dewey Decimal System and exploration of works of nonfiction; reading aloud of historical fiction; research project on insects in second semester. RESPECT & RESPONSIBILITY
: continuation of the program begun in Kindergarten. TECHNOLOGY
: continued development of touch-typing skills and computer programming; creation of slideshow presentations; digital citizenship. Introduction of interviewing skills. ART
(rotating ten-week courses):
CERAMICS: working in clay to make a functional object, including wedging, handbuilding, throwing and glazing.
CARPENTRY: designing and constructing a wooden object.
INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY: working with traditional and non-traditional cameras and darkroom techniques in the practice of basic photography.
MUSIC: continued vocal and instrumental study of strings or the alto recorder; English handbells for performance at the Winter and Last Day Assemblies.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION: positioning and movement strategy and their application in cooperative games, with the focus on strength, flexibility and overall fitness; dance; gymnastics.