ENGLISH: elective in poetic analysis (for example, John Donne and the Metaphysical Poets; Victorian to Modern Poetry; Romantic Poetry; or Bishop, Larkin and Lowell); a required trimester on Greek tragedy and King Lear; and a spring elective on narrative works (The Canterbury Tales; James’s The Portrait of a Lady and other narratives of travel and exile; or Rushdie and Lahiri).
PRECALCULUS AND AN INTRODUCTION TO DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS: extended study of functions and trigonometry begun in Class X. Additional topics may include vectors, conic sections, parametric equations, polar coordinates, probability and statistics, and sequences and series. Calculus topics include limits and derivatives. This course prepares students for the study of AB Calculus.
PRECALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS: extended study of functions and trigonometry begun in Class X, as well as vectors, conic sections, parametric equations, polar coordinates and graphs, probability and statistics, and sequences and series. Calculus topics include limits, derivatives and applications of derivatives. This course prepares students for the study of BC Calculus.
ADVANCED CALCULUS: differential and integral calculus of functions of one variable with applications; power series. Students wishing to take the College Board AP BC Calculus exam will find that this course provides suitable preparation.
INTERSCHOOL GAME THEORY (half credit; throughout the year): theoretical analysis of game theory taught through applications in economics, politics, business, evolutionary biology, religion, philosophy, computer science and sports, as well as through games such as poker and chess. Quantitative models are developed for strategic situations, and analysis includes optimization and graphical analysis. This course is offered through the Interschool consortium.
INTERSCHOOL COLLABORATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING (half credit; throughout the year): Students work together on one very challenging problem at a time the way mathematicians do - collaboratively and over an extended period of time.
Problems discussed in class will be chosen so as to introduce a particular topic. There will be homework consisting of problems taken from the same topic. Students will gradually acquire sophisticated problem solving skills and a knowledge base that allows them to successfully tackle the sorts of problems one sees on the more challenging math contests, such as AIME or the United States Mathematical Olympiad.
HISTORY OF CHINA AND JAPAN: an investigation into the history and culture of China and Japan, starting with the momentous twentieth century and then looking back chronologically at developments in both countries. The course culminates in a consideration of disparate responses to European incursions in the modern period, the legacies of World War II and China and Japan in the world today (Open also to XII ).
MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY: a survey of political, economic, intellectual and social history from the French Revolution to the present, based on a wide variety of primary and secondary sources, with emphasis on controversial topics in historical interpretation (Open also to XII ).
MODERN LATIN AMERICA: an introduction to issues and themes in the history of Latin America since 1800. Students explore the most important political, economic, social and cultural developments that characterize the region as a whole, while keeping in mind the considerable variation among the countries in the region.
HISTORY OF WARFARE: a survey of the history of war from prehistory to the present. Students will examine the development of infantry, cavalry, artillery and asymmetrical warfare. New York City as a theater of war is a major focus (Open also to XII ).
MODERNISM IN ART: a study of significant developments in art beginning with the French Revolution up until the present (Open also to XII ).
LAW, ECONOMICS AND PUBLIC POLICY: an introduction to the history and structures of American civil and criminal law, with a focus on the ways that law and economic thinking structure foreign and domestic policies (Open also to XII ).
URBAN HISTORY: Urban History will explore different ways of studying and analyzing urban environments locally, nationally and globally. The course will begin by defining themes related to urban development from an historical perspective and will next consider other approaches to examining urban life. We will use New York City as a case study in contempary urban issues and will develop research projects around this central theme. Finally, we will apply what we have learned about New York to a further exploration of the urban world.
ADVANCED BIOLOGY: intensive investigation of selected topics, including biochemistry, energetics, ultrastructure of cells, information transfer (structure and function of the gene; genetics of populations), biotechnology, evolution, the morphology and physiology of plants and animals, ecology and mathematical modeling. Students write grant proposals on topics of their choice Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry (Open also to XII ).
ADVANCED CHEMISTRY: further exploration of topics introduced in Chemistry, and new topics including molecular architecture, orbital hybridization, thermodynamics and kinetics. Computer-assisted sensors help students gather and analyze data and relate chemical topics to real-world situations Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry (Open also to XII ).
CHEMISTRY: see Class X
PHYSICS: the investigation of the nature of forces and energy and their interactions with matter, using creative problem-solving projects, experimental design and cooperative learning activities. Topics include mechanical, thermal, wave electric/electromagnetic and nuclear energy (Open also to XII ).
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY (half credit in either semester; full credit if taken all year): the role of science, economics and government policy in developing an environmentally sustainable world. The course considers such topics as energy production, climate change, freshwater resources, agriculture, fisheries, waste management and biodiversity (Open also to XII ).
COMPUTER SCIENCE AND PROGRAMMING (half credit in either semester; full credit if taken all year): in the first semester, students investigate topics in computer science including computer hardware, software and programming algorithms; in the second semester, students learn basics of the Java programming language through problem solving, debugging logical and syntax errors and creating original object-oriented programs.
FRENCH IV: an examination of French culture through the history, literature and other media of two key periods—the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. Authors include Corneille, Molière, La Fontaine, Camus and Césaire.
MANDARIN IV: extensive reading of essays, stories and newspaper and magazine articles; discussion of current events; analytical and creative writing; introduction to traditional Chinese characters.
COMPREHENSIVE SPANISH III: a continuation of the course of study begun in Class IX. Students continue the study of grammatical structures including sequence of tenses, and read short stories, excerpts from novels and level-adapted versions of literary masterpieces.
SPANISH IV: a continuation of the course of study began in Class V. More extensive and sustained exercises in speaking and writing about Hispanic literature and visual culture reinforces knowledge of grammar and vocabulary.
LATIN IV: selections from Ovid’s Metamorphoses and from the poems of Catullus.
GREEK I (half credit; throughout the year): introduction to Attic Greek. Topics include the principles of word formation and syntax, Aesop’s fables and the life of Alexander the Great (Open also to XII ).
STUDIO ART (half credit; throughout the year): advanced work in the studio with in-depth exploration of various drawing and painting media. One museum study assignment is required.
DRAWING FALL (half credit; fall semester): comprehensive introduction to advanced drawing techniques, including linear and tonal drawing and mixed media. Students draw from a variety of subjects, including still life, animals, architecture, landscape and interiors. One museum study assignment is required (Open also to XII ).
DRAWING SPRING (half credit; spring semester): figure drawing; working from models, either animal or human, students complete full figure compositions, head studies, drapery studies and figures in interiors. One museum study assignment is required (Open also to XII ).
PLAYWRITING (spring semester): introduction to the art of playwriting. By mid-semester students write and edit their own ten-minute plays; by the end of the semester they write a one-act play for presentation to the public using student actors.
For applied music offerings, see Class IX
MUSIC PERFORMANCE (half credit; throughout the year): awarded to instrumental and voice students who satisfy requirements through a recital given in Class XI or XII. Admission to this program is by audition in Class X or XI.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION: see Class IX
JUNIOR SEMINAR: a yearlong class that encompasses health education, life skills, college advising and the transition to college (Required of all students in Class XI ).
COMMUNITY SERVICE: see General Catalogue:Learning Beyond the Classroom, page 46
POETRY WORKSHOP: see Class X
SCIENCE RESEARCH SEMINAR: see Class X